Prostate enlargement, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a urological condition caused by non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. This is most commonly experienced by men from age 50 onward. Risk factors for developing prostate enlargement may vary, including ageing and family history of BPH.
Types of Medications to Treat Obstructive Urinary Symptoms
There are several options available to treat symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia, including medications such as:
- Alpha-blockers. These are medications that relax the smooth muscles of the bladder neck and the prostate to improve urine flow and lessen bladder outlet obstruction. Examples of alpha-blockers are: terazosin, alfuzosin, tamsulosin and doxazosin. Although these medications help relieve the symptoms of BPH, they do not have the capacity to reduce the size of the prostate.
- 5-Alpha-Reductase Inhibitors. These oral medications work by inhibiting the production of male hormones thought to be responsible for prostatic enlargement. 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, such as finasteride and dutasteride help relieve the symptoms of BPH, increase the rate of urinary flow and reduce the size of the prostate. However, these drugs are only best suited for men with large prostates.
- Combination Therapies: Make use of both alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors for better amelioration of BPH symptoms. Example of combination therapy is Duodart, a combination of two medicines, dutasteride and
Choosing the Best Treatment for BPH
There are a plethora of treatments to manage prostate enlargement, including medications, surgery and minimally invasive therapies. In order to find the right treatment for prostate enlargement, make sure to consult a doctor who can assess your condition based on factors, such as: the size of your prostate; the symptoms you are experiencing; other health conditions you might have and your preferences.
Speak with a trusted urologist from Katelaris Urology. Dr Phillip Katelaris is an award-winning urological surgeon who specialises in prostate enlargement treatment. He can provide you with sound medical advice and effective treatment for urological problems, such as prostate enlargement or cancer, kidney stone, bladder cancer, erectile dysfunction and incontinence.
Schedule an appointment with Dr Katelaris, call us today at (02) 9477 7904.