How To Diagnose, Test and Evaluate Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is best detected early while it is confined to the prostate gland. To do this a PSA blood test and a digital rectal examination is undertaken.

Should either of these tests be suspicious, a multi-parametric MRI scan is undertaken.

Men from the age of 50 should have a PSA and digital rectal examination every year, men with a family history of prostate cancer should start from age 40.

Prostate Cancer Testing

Following an abnormal PSA blood test or abnormal digital rectal examination, a multi-parametric MRI scan prostate is performed.

Should this test demonstrate a suspicious area within the prostate the patient then proceeds to an MRI guided transperineal prostate biopsy procedure.

This biopsy procedure may demonstrate no cancer, it may demonstrate low grade prostate cancer which is just monitored not treated, or it may indicate high grade prostate cancer which is treated by either surgery or radiation therapy.

Before treatment is undertaken the prostate cancer is staged to determine whether it has spread beyond the prostate gland. The PSMA PET scan is the modern sophisticated way of staging prostate cancer.

Once all the information is at hand Dr Katelaris will then create a treatment plan specific to the type of cancer present and specific to the individual patient with reference to the nature of the high-grade cancer and patient factors such as age and general health.

This plan is carefully explained and discussed with each patient and all patients have their questions answered in detail.

Katelaris Urology – Your Prostate Cancer Specialists

Katelaris Urology has been managing prostate cancer for nearly 40 years with a constant review to updating to appropriate technologies when necessary.

Katelaris Urology also incorporates a comprehensive prostate cancer rehabilitation plan aimed at restoring normal bladder and sexual function. To book an appointment, get in touch.

You can learn more about prostate cancer in this comprehensive section.